Blood glucose level test
HbA1c HbA1c Hemoglobin A1C, also known as glycohemoglobin, is a protein molecule found in red blood cells, which is responsible for transporting oxygen and giving our blood its red colour.
This molecule binds glucose in proportion to the concentration of blood sugar. Since the lifespan of red blood cells is approx. What does the test show?
The test shows the average blood sugar level of the body over the last approx. In which cases is it recommended to perform the test? Measurement of HbA1c in diabetic patients is mostly used to monitor the disease, but a new diagnostic use of blood glucose level test test is to examine non-diabetic, healthy individuals.
The elevated value provides information on carbohydrate metabolism over a 3-month period. It can be used to recognize prediabetes a condition that precedes diabetes and to diagnose the diabetic condition itself.
What sample is needed for the test? A blood sample taken from a vein is needed for the test.
This discovery could lead to a test that would help doctors identify patients at greatest risk and help them potentially avert the disease through interventions including diet and exercise.
What can the result indicate? The value of HbA1c depends on gender, age and other factors.
Its value is obtained as a percentage. What to do after the test? The test alone cannot diagnose any disease, and in all cases consult an internist or diabetologist to determine the exact diagnosis and necessary therapy.
Researchers from the University of Missouri School of Medicine and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology recently evaluated the accuracy of an MIT-developed technology to monitor blood glucose levels without needles or a finger prick. Early results show that the noninvasive technology measures blood glucose levels as effectively as a finger prick test—without drawing blood. The study, "Evaluation of accuracy dependence of Raman spectroscopic models on the ratio of calibration and validation points for non-invasive glucose sensing," measured the blood glucose levels of 20 healthy, non-diabetic adults prior to drinking a glucose-rich beverage. Blood glucose levels were then measured in intervals over the next minutes using three methods: spectroscopy, IV blood test, and finger prick. The tests are designed to determine how much glucose remains in the blood and if a patient's insulin-regulating mechanisms are working effectively.